Wednesday, March 18, 2020
The Bombing of Hiroshima essays There are many events in history that have affected many different people. To me, the Bombing of Hiroshima is most significant. This event has changed the lives of many people, the thoughts of people, and many feelings of people as well as countries. The atomic bomb and its destruction of Hiroshima changed the world. I will explain what occurred in World War II that led up to Hiroshima, the aftermath of Japan, and how the world changed after the bombing. We were involved in a war called, World War II. This war began in 1939, yet Japan and the United States were not at war with each other yet. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. This unacceptable act allowed the United States to declare war on Japan a day later. Three years later, on Feb. 19, 1945, we invaded the island of Iwo Gima. Later we also captured the island Okinawa, which was a crucial advantage for the United States. On, August 6th 1945, we dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. On the 14th of August, Japan accepted the unconditional surrender. I believe we utilized the atomic bomb because we lost over 1.5 million soldiers, while Japan had over 9 million soldiers. That means that if we were to invade Japan we would have to basically fight every soldier we had defeated before four times over! The enormous cost of Marines lives from Okinawa, was the deciding factor in plummeting the bomb. Which is why we reduced our losses by dropping the bombs. Losing was not an option. The effects on Japan were horrible. Once the bomb was dropped, instantly 70,000 died. During the bombing an equal amount was also injured. The blast itself was not the only thing that caused deaths. Radiation from the mushroom cloud was emitted causing thousand more to die during that year. Some, who survived, died from leukemia years later. Those who survived the radiation were scarred for life, for their family, friends, and objects we...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Competitor or Competition Focused If youÃ¢â¬â¢re competitor-focused, you have to wait until there is a competitor doing something. Being customer-focused allows you to be more pioneering. ~Jeff Bezos All too often we watch what all the other writers are doing in both writing and marketing, then try to snare which gimmick we can copy to work for us. Writing and self-promoting based upon our competition. I dare say the majority of early writers dont start off that way. Most want nothing more than for readers to flock to their story and gobble it up. Its probably why they started writing in the first place . . . to share a tale. However, reality sets in quick and harsh. Readers already have an abundance of reading material. So how can struggling writers be seen, heard, or better yet, read with so much competition? As a result, writers then gravitate to those more successful in the field, emulating the ads, the touring, the whatever-else they are doing. It becomes all about the numbers . . . yet the numbers arent that easy to come Then we commiserate with other writers. We join organizations, newsletters, Facebook groups comprised of writers, to learn how to be a more successful writer. But we have limited hours in the day. What goes lacking is the communication with potential readers. We forget were supposed to be customer-focused instead of competitor-focused. The goal is to reach out to where readers are:Ã libraries, schools, book fairs, radio, podcasts, niche organizations, maybe even your local paper. If you write romance, where do these souls tend to collect both in person and online? Ditto any other genre or subgenre. Do not stray from your reader being right up front in your writing world. Do not forget you are feeding them, educating them, entertaining them, using your talents to be the best you can be for them. Slowly and steadily, keep reaching out, respecting and adoring them. Readers are your market, not your competitors.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Radical criminology - Essay Example The words pass on a certain importance for the "sender," and, in powerful correspondence, they ought to have the same significance for the "collector." Since words are alterable, they oblige expectation and understanding. Along these lines, numerous offenders are persuaded by the normal changing progress of this world to settle on their choices. Prior criminology exploration has accentuated the significance of review wrongdoing and misconduct inside the structure of the life-course or life-compass improvement (Sampson and Laub 1992). An existence course opens new inquiries in the investigation of abnormality, for example, the importance of certain pathways, directions, and life course in the life of a criminal. The former studies agree that directions, pathways, and moves are imperative and that a general hypothesis of wrongdoing ought to consolidate an existence course see (Farrington 1992) This paper investigates the potential commitment of typical connection to an existence course hypothesis of wrongdoing. It contends that such a perspective gives a hypothesis of the importance of life-course activities and a situational hypothesis of the instrument by which such moves interpret into criminal acts sustained in our public. Whilst there are numerous varieties on the radical subject in criminology, the term radical criminology has turned into a cynosure for viewpoints that make crucial the comprehension that certain demonstrations are law violations because certain individuals have the ability to make them so. The dependence on what has been seen as the oppositional ideal model, administrational criminology, which has a tendency to concentrate on the criminological classifications that administrations wish to highlight can be addressed. This model is sure about the thought that a criminal is not conceived characteristically yet is as an aftereffect of the earth in which they live in. Fundamentally, an individual is comprised of the whole result
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Australian Defence Force (ADF) capability - Essay Example Historical ISR capability In the past, the ISR has been able to accomplish much in ensuring that the intelligence for the Australian defense is available at the utmost time of need. The Australian defense forces have had first hand intelligence since the system has significant capability towards detention and prevention of looming attacks (Stevens, 2001). According to the study work of Great Britain & Arbuthnot (2008) the intelligence wing has been able to show its capability by producing tailored intelligence data to meet the needs of the defense forces at their time of need. Providing imagery intelligence and measuring intelligence activities, targeting and production of general intelligence, has been an ardent capability. Surveillance since its inception has been topnotch where the defense forces of Australia have been able to take random checks on the prevailing global cryptology threats, the surveillance system thus since its inception has been efficient to facilitate decision m aking and combating tactical fighters and commanders (Breen, 2010; Boyne, 2012). The surveillance wing has five operational groups that cooperate to ensure that every operation in the air is secure. The reconnaissance wing since its inception has been able to show its capability by ensuring imagery and timely data before the defense forces get into the combat, ensuring that there are few casualties while in action. This wing according to Kearney (2003) has helped in the past during the invasion of Vietnam and Iraq, but remains to be seen with increasing rate of terrorism. Contemporary capability According to the research work by Bernus, Nemes & Schmidt (2003) currently the ISR operates with one hundred fighters while the defense forces of Australia claim that operating with fifty fighters would be as generous. The ISR of Australia has the capability of deterring and defeating armed attacks in and around Australia, due to the dangerous phase of the world presently the current ISR rem ains unreliable. Currently, according to Levey (2004) there has been a misconception on the capability of the Australian ISR because it has been helping the defense forces to combat and invade Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq. This misconception has sent confusion in different quarters on the defensive system of Australia. Currently, though the system has formidable capabilities, there are increasingly more threats due to the increasing campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq giving a likelihood of an attack against Australia. The current ISR is under threat because the emphases on land operations are misleading to the Australian defense forces as seen in the study works of Godara (2009). For the current ISR to be capable to fight the looming terrorist attacks in Australia, the Australian authorities have to shape up their systems to be able to serve a broad national interest. This means that the ability to use military force when necessary, and knowing what is happening in their strategic a reas of interest remains supreme to ensure that the ISR is capable (Grey, 2008). Future capability Considering the increasing terrorist threats, there has been rising need to spice up the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance of the Australian defense forces. This has been through proposals such as the one by the ministry of defense to replace the present Lockheed Orion which has unmanned aerial vehicles, with a more sophisticated warfare vessel. To ensure that the future
Friday, January 24, 2020
The Character of Ã Hedda Gabler Ã Ã Ã Ã Hedda Gabler is perhaps one of the most interesting characters in Ibsen.Ã She has been the object of psychological analysis since her creation.Ã She is an interesting case indeed, for to "explain" Hedda one must rely on the hints Ibsen gives us from her past and the lines of dialogue that reveal the type of person she is.Ã The reader never views Hedda directly.Ã We never get a soliloquy in which she bares her heart and motives to the audience.Ã Hedda is as indifferent to our analysis as she is to Tesman's excitement over his slippers when she says "I really don't care about it" (IbsenÃ 8).Ã But a good psychologist knows that even this indifference is telling.Ã Underneath the ennui and indifference lies a character rich for psychological investigation:Ã "The Character of Hedda Gabler remains a product of our speculation.Ã That is, as we process the surface details we perceive in the various postures she assumes, we hypothesize an idea of the figure underneath the mask." (LyonsÃ 83).Ã This paper will try to "explain" Hedda with the aid of critical analysis. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The first aspect of the play that strikes the reader is the title.Ã Before we even read a line of this play we notice the incongruity between the name of the title character and her name in the play.Ã In the play Hedda is Tesman's wife, but the title suggests that she is the independent daughter of the late General Gabler.Ã Thus, Ibsen introduces the reader to this complex character before the curtain is drawn.Ã We immediately ask the question:Ã why is the title "Hedda Gabler" and not "Hedda Tesman"?Ã Perhaps Ibsen is suggesting Hedda's independence from her present situation, the situation in which she is introduce... ...wman.Ã She too is confused about her own identity and appears to be in the grip of forces beyond her understanding and control--social and psychological forces.Ã Nevertheless, Hedda is an interesting case and Ibsen's play foreshadows many psychological and social concerns of the 20th century. Ã WORKSÃ CITED Helland, F.Ã "Irony and Experience in Hedda Gabler."Ã Contemporary Approaches to Ibsen.Ã Ed.Ã Hemmer and Ystad.Ã Norway:Ã Scandinavian UP, 1994.Ã 99-119. Ibsen, Henrik.Ã Hedda Gabler.Ã New York:Ã Dover Publications, 1990. Lyons, C.Ã Hedda Gabler:Ã Gender, Role, and World.Ã MA:Ã Twayne, 1991. Northam, J.Ã Ibsen's Dramatic Method: A Study of the Prose Dramas.Ã London:Ã Faber and Faber Limited, 1953. Weigland, H.Ã The Modern Ibsen:Ã A Reconsideration.Ã New York:Ã E.P. Dutton, 1960. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Audit standards are set codes of conduct for auditors when auditing financial statements or other financial issues of a company. There is also a relation to performance audit and certain attestation engagements.The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) established all Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (GAAS). GAAS, in turn, formed the basis for other standards like the Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS) and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). This paper seeks to define those three standards, while clarifying the similarities and differences between them.All the three standards have some underlying similarities. They all address the basic audit issues like transparency, accuracy, reliability etc of financial statements.They all also spell out standards for audit field work and performances, simultaneously spelling out, on a dynamic base, the education and qualifications required of the audit and audit assistants. All th e three standards ultimately target the protection of the firm and its assets or finances. They minimize operational risks. And though driven by different objects, GAGAS and PCAOB are based on the AICPAÃ¢â¬â¢s GAAS.The different objectives of the three auditing standards results in a difference in their content, approach, criteria and specifications. Nowadays, the GAAS primarily deals with audits of non-issuer public companies. PCAOB, on the other hand, addresses the concerns of auditors auditing issuer and certified public companies.Its hold in matters of issuer companies, as controlled by the American Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is paramount. GAGAS, as set by the Government Accountability Office, applies to government organizations or organizations availing government assistance, setting auditing standards for their functions, activities, programs and so on.IntroductionThe external audits of governmental and non-governmental entities may be broadly classified int o Financial Audits, Performance Audits and Attestation Engagements. Auditing Standards have some General Standards, as well as Field Work Standards and Reporting (GAO, July 2007).The Generally Accepted Audit Standards (GAAS) are issued as Statements on Audit Standards (SAS). This is done by the Audit Standards Board or ASB which has been set up by the AICPA. These standards relate principally to the audit processes and procedures which are to be adopted by the public companies not issuing shares. The General Accepted Auditing Standards are sets of systematic guidelines used when conducting audits on company finances, to ensure accuracy, consistency and verifiability of auditorÃ¢â¬â¢s action and reports.However, for auditing government bodies, the US Government Accounting Office sets separate rules and standards, outlined by the GAGAS. These include auditing of their activities and programs, as well as all their functions.The objective is to ensure proper use of funded assist ance availed from government bodies or agencies. (GAO, Jul 2008). Companies that issue shares and that are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission were placed under the standards of the PCAOB.As per the provisions of GAGAS, their reference incorporates GAAS, unless the Government Accounting Office specifically excludes them through a formal announcement. Sometimes, depending on the audit requirements and the organization being audited, GAGAS may be used together with PCAOB.Basic Objectives and Premises behind all Audit Standards:The similarities amongst all the auditing standards may be drawn from their basic premises and government policies driving them. For example, all auditing standards serve as a regulatory tool, prescribing the process to be followed by auditors, and determining what is to be scrutinized in the financial statements, internal control processes and management performances.Audits done on an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s financial statements express an o pinion on the fairness with which the statements represent the status and changes in the financial position, operational results and cash flows.Universally, audits need to be performed by a person or persons who has/have adequate technical training and proficiency as an auditor. The auditors need to maintain their independence so that their assessment and opinions reflect an impartial and objective view of the issues involved. They are also expected to exercise due professional care in planning and conducting the audit report .The auditor must have sufficient knowledge of internal control processes so as to enable him to plan properly and arrive at the nature, extent and timing of tests to be performed for ensuring a proper audit. While in the field, the work needs to be adequately planned and properly supervised.The competency and sufficiency of evidence reviewed needs to be assured so that the auditor and others can form a proper opinion on the financial matters in the organiza tion, which is subjected to the audit.All performance audits have similar standards. The auditors must prepare written audit reports communicating the audit results.Ã The audit reports should be prepared and made available so as to ensure timely use by management legislative and other interested parties.The auditors must report the scope, objectives and methodology of audits. They must report any significant findings of audits and in the applicable cases, also the auditorÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusions.They should report recommendations for action. This is to correct problem areas and ensure operational improvement. They must state what auditing standard was used in the reporting. All cases of significant non compliance or abuse must be reported, found during or related to the audit. In some cases, this reporting has to be done to outside parties.Appropriate inspection and observation must be conducted to gather competent and factual evidence so that a reasonable opinion on the financia l state of affairs of the organization under audit may be formed.Audit work must be properly planned & materiality considered for arriving at considered opinions based on competent evidence by selecting appropriate nature, timing & extent of tests. Audits must be designed so that material frauds may be detected reasonably well. It is notable that frauds are intentional misstatements.Material misstatements may result from direct & material illegal acts and this is to be considered in audit design so as to ensure the reasonable detection of such misstatements through the audit process. Ã The auditor must detect any indirect illegal acts that may indirectly affect correctness of financial statements by applying audit procedures (GAO, Jul 2007).Every audit strives to maintain accountability and transparency within any organizational policy, whether for governmental or non-governmental organizations. To this end, public resources within an organization must be efficiently, eth ically, effectively, equitably and economically utilized.Where this is not the case, audits prescribe the remedial steps to be taken in a time-bound manner by the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management and other concerned parties. All assessments by the auditors must be objective, concise, independent and factual, as related to an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s financial or management performance. The auditor therefore needs to be independent and impartial. All this adds up to a case for complete professionalism and quality of audit processes.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Introduction I chose to focus on how the use of questioning strategies in a whole class setting improves student understanding of conic sections because I struggle with using open-ended questioning. I see how Ã¢â¬Å"yesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"noÃ¢â¬ questions do not usually cause students to think, since the answer to the question is often in the question. However, from my own experience as a teacher, simply asking an open-ended question about a new topic can cause frustration. If the students do not have any idea of how to answer the question, they simply stare and look confused. Even so, I do believe that open-ended questions can be very beneficial as an aid to learning if they are asked properly. Research Question How does the use of questioning strategiesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"The question content determines the type of information that a teacher obtains about studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ thinkingÃ¢â¬ (Manouchehri Lapp, 2003, p.564), and, of course, the purpose of the question must align with the learning goals. It is important to note that Ã¢â¬Å"Small modifications in the questions asked of students can furnish insights into studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ conceptual understanding of the computations and processes . . .Ã¢â¬ (Chappell Thompson, 1999, p.470). For instance, asking why an answer is correct gives more information about the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding than merely asking what the correct answer is. Using effective questioning is a skill developed over time and with experience. The more the teacher practices strategic questioning, the better the teacher will become at this skill. Before asking a question the educator should consider whether it actually needs to be answered, whether it will open up discussion, and whether it leads to the learning goals (Inspire, 2011). If it does none of these, the question does not need to be asked. Research Method This class was composed of 20 male and 8 female students. The ethnicities included Anglo, Latino, Black, and Asian. Figure 1 shows the distribution of ethnicity in this classroom, while Figure 2 shows the distribution for this school. By comparison of the class demographics to the school demographics, it is clear that a larger percentage